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One of the relatively new districts of Madhya Pradesh, Anuppur district was once a part of the district of Shahdol before it was created out of the latter on August 15, 2003. It is now part of the Rewa Division, the same as Shahdol district. Anuppur district has a total area of 3,701 square kilometers, with a total population of 667,155 according to the 2001 census. Of those, 309,624 are from scheduled tribes while 48,376 are from scheduled castes (both scheduled tribes and scheduled castes are known as India’s untouchables). Due to this, the district is mainly considered as a tribal dominated district.
The boundaries for Anuppur district include its parent district Shahdol to the north and northwest, the state of Chhattisgarh to the southeast and east, Dindori district to the southwest, Umarya district to the west. The district extends 80 kilometers from east to west and some 70 kilometers from north to south.
The district’s topography consists of a series of rivers and mountain ranges. The whole region can be divided into three geographical divisions. These are the highlands of mountain ranges, the lowlands of the rivers and the central plateau. The first division is primarily governed by the Maikal mountain range which extends from the southern part of the district to the eastern part. The rivers on the other hand are represented by the Narmada River, Son and Johilla, which all originate from the Maikal hills. A third of the district is composed of dense forests, and is generally regarded as a hilly area. Climate-wise, Anuppur has a marked temperate climate, with the monsoon season lasting from June to October. The temperature ranges from a maximum of 46 degrees to 2.6 degrees Celsius.
There are several large and small-scale industries present in the district; the 1998 survey shows that there are some 106 such industries in the district. Examples of these are the Orient Paper Mill and Soda Factory, both of which can be found in Amlai. Small-scale industries include polythene and bamboo basket production. There is also a Bidi factory found in the region of Venkatnagar.
Anuppur district is also rich with mineral deposits — the region of Amarkantak, in particular, is famous for its large deposits of bauxite. Other minerals include coal and fire clay, with most of the coalmines located in the Kotma subdivision.
Anuppur can be reached by land via road, through Matelic Road and Kachi Road. However, the best way to go there is still through India’s railway system since Anuppur can be reached via the Katni, Chirimiri and Bilaspur route.