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Chhindwara is one of Madhya Pradesh’s districts, and is part of the state’s Jabalpur division. In terms of total land area, it ranks as the first in all of Madhya Pradesh, having a land area of 11,815 square kilometers. This comprises about 3.85% of the state’s total area.
The district is located on the southwest region of the Satpura Mountain Range. It is bounded by the districts of Narsinghpur and Hoshangabad on the north, the plains of Maharashtra State’s Nagpur district on the south, the district of Seoni on the east, and Betul district on the west. As of the 2001 national census, Chhindwara district had a total population of 1,848,882 people. Given the district’s land area, the population density of the whole place is 156 people per square kilometer. Also, the average literacy rate of Chhindwara district is higher than that of the whole state, with 66.03% as compared to Madhya Pradesh’s 64.08%.
Chhindwara has gone through several dynasties across the centuries. The earliest account shows the rule of Bhakth Bulund King, whose kingdom reached the Satpura hill range. Then came the Rashtrakut dynasty, which ruled up to the 7th century. The Gondvana dynasty came next, followed by the Mughal empire. The last ruling dynasty was the Marathas until, on September 17, 1803, the East India Company took over, when Raghuji II was defeated. When India finally obtained its independence, Chhindwara district was reconstituted on November 1, 1956, and the town of Chhindwara was established as the district headquarters.
Geologically, the district of Chhindwara can be divided into three main regions: the plains near Nagpur region, which is comprised of Tahsils, Sausar and Pandhuma, the central region where the town of Chhindwara, southern Amarwara and northern Sausar are found, and the mostly northern region which is comprised of hilly terrain.
Industrialization has a good presence in Chhindwara as well. It has several industries that make it a good industrialized district. Among them are:
1. Spices Park. Opened on February 25, 2006, the spice park was the first in India. It is also the first in a series of seven spice parks that is planned by the Spices Board. The initial phase consists of a Garlic Dehydration Plant and a Steam Sterilization Unit. The park is located in Laas village.
2. Hindustan Unilever Limited. Hailing from England, the multinational company celebrated its 75th year in 2008. The company is situated at Lahgadua village, some 5 kilometers from Chhindwara. It produces three main products: the Rin washing soap, Surf Excel washing powder, and Wheel washing powder. It is the only Hindustan Unilever factory in Madhya Pradesh.
3. Raymond Group. Set up in 1991, the manufacturing company features state-of-the-art equipment and production lines. The plant’s product is premium wool, wool-blended and polyester viscose suiting. The plant has the distinction of being the single largest integrated worsted suiting in the world, having achieved a record production of 14.65 million meters.
4. Coal Mines. Chhindwara’s Parasia is known as the “Coal Mines Belt”, with 20 working mines.
The district also has a lot of tourist attractions that make it a good destination point for visitors. Among them are the Tribal Museum, Devgarh Fort, and the hot water springs at Anhoni.