Morena District

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Morena is one of the administrative districts of Madhya Pradesh. It is located in the northernmost portion of the state and is part of the Chambal division. The district is bounded by the state of Rajasthan to the north and west, the district of Bhind to the east, Gwalior district to the south, and the district of Sheopur to the southwest. Another state, Uttar Pradesh, bounds it to the northeast. The lower Chambal river flows to the north, forming a basin that consists mostly of an alluvial tract, cut by several ravines. The south sports a forested area. Morena district has a total area of 4,998.78 square kilometers, with a population of about 1,587,264 that is often widely dispersed. The district’s literacy rate is 65.58%, higher than the national average. Morena’s divisional and administrative headquarters is the town of Morena.

The district’s name is derived from a combination of “mor” and “raina”, which means “the place where peacocks are found in abundance”. It is touted as a rugged and untamed wilderness located in the heart of India, meant to be an attraction for those with the adventurous spirit. Historically, much of modern-day Morena was part of what used to be the princely state of Gwalior. When India gained its independence in 1947, the princely states were made to accede to the newly established government of India. Morena acquired its present boundaries, as well as the princely state of Pahargarh, located to the south of the district. A new state, Madhya Bharat, was formed and Morena was included as one of its constituents. On November 1, 1956, another reorganization of the states in India was declared and Madhya Bharat was merged with the other states to form a new state which is the present Madhya Pradesh. Morena acquired its present status and was made one of the new state’s districts.

The district’s main occupation is agriculture, with the district being mostly farmland. About 50% of the total area is available for cultivation, with more than half of that cultivable area already receiving irrigation. The major source of irrigation are canals, comprising about 42.94% of the total irrigated area. The most important grain product produced in the district is wheat while mustard is the most important oil seed cultivated; mustard production is pretty much what Morena is famous for.

The district is undergoing development in several stages. Under the Chambal Ayacut Development Project, a considerable part of Morena district’s topography is being gradually changed with the reclamation of the ravines for agricultural purposes. It is hoped that with this change, the district will be one of the most prolific and developed district in the whole of Madhya Pradesh.

Aside from this agricultural endeavour, several industries have also set up operations, a majority of which are in the Industrial Development Center in Banmore. Some of the more well-known of these industries include J.K. Industries Ltd which manufactures automobile tires and radials and Gwalior Milk Centre that manufactures butter and skimmed milk.

Morena can be reached by air via the airport in Gwalior, which is about 46 kilometers away. The district can also be reached by road via the Agra-Mumbai National Highway, and by railroad on the main trunk broad gauge railway that joins Delhi-Madras and Delhi-Bombay via Bhopal.


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